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Table of Contents of Irony of Desegregation Law 1955–1995: Essays and Documents


Prologue: The Two Sides of Brown II

I. Intimations of Defiance

  1. Brief of Prince Edward County
  2. Rebuttal Brief of Prince Edward County
  3. Oral Argument of Emory Rogers

II. Intimations of Neutrality

  1. Brief of United States Government
  2. Comments by James Nabrit and Milton Korman
  3. Felix Frankfurter—Memorandum on Districting
  4. Felix Frankfurter—Memorandum on Desegregation Decree
  5. Decision

Chapter One: The Failures of Neutrality

I. Dove v. Parham

  1. Brief for Appellees
  2. Robert Carter’s Memorandum
  3. Chief Judge Harvey Johnsen’s Decision
  4. Judge Smith Henley’s Decision

II. Freedom of Choice

  1. School Desegregation in the Southern and Border States, 1965–66

III. The Attack on De Facto Segregation

  1. Blocker v. Board of Education of Manhasset
  2. Barksdale v. Springfield School Committee
  3. Petitioner’s Brief in Bell v. School City of Gary

IV. The Cincinnati Case: The Housing Issue

  1. Trial Brief: Deal v. Cincinnati Board of Education
  2. Colloquy in the District Court
  3. Appeal to the Supreme Court

Chapter Two: Jefferson and Green: The Great Turning

I. Jefferson County

  1. The Fifth Circuit’s Affirmance
  2. Judge Walter Gewin, Dissenting
  3. Judge Griffin Bell, Dissenting

II. The Green Trilogy

  1. Appellees’ Brief: Monroe v. Board of Commissioners
  2. Appellants’ Brief: Monroe v. Board of Commissioners
  3. Oral Argument of Frederick Gray
  4. Oral Argument of James Nabrit and Jack Greenberg
  5. Green v. New Kent County
  6. Monroe v. Board of Commissioners

Chapter Three: The Way to Swann

I. Swann in the Supreme Court: The Briefs

  1. Brief for Petitioners
  2. Amicus Brief: Marian Wright Edelman and Joseph Rauh
  3. Amicus Brief: Senator Sam J. Ervin

II. Swann in the Supreme Court: The Justices

  1. “Mr. Justice Stewart, Dissenting in Part”
  2. Memorandum of Justice Harlan
  3. “Mr. Justice Douglas”
  4. Memorandum of Justice William J. Brennan

Chapter Four: Keyes

I. Keyes and the Fallout From Swann

  1. Paul R. Dimond—“School Segregation in the North: There Is But One Constitution”
  2. Justice Douglas’ Memorandum on Keyes
  3. Justice Brennan’s Memorandum to the Conference
  4. Justice Powell’s Opinion in Keyes
  5. Justice Rehnquist’s Dissent in Keyes

Chapter Five: Milliken

I. The Decision That Never Was

  1. Justice Douglas’ Memorandum in Richmond
  2. Justice Rehnquist’s Memorandum in Richmond
  3. Justice Brennan’s Memorandum in Richmond

II. Milliken and its Legacy

  1. Chief Justice Burger’s First Draft in Milliken
  2. Solicitor General Robert Bork’s Brief in Milliken
  3. From the Bench
  4. Charles R. Lawrence, III—“‘Segregation Misunderstood’: The Milliken Decision Revisited”

Chapter Six: Keyes and Milliken: The Aftermath

I. Segregative Intent: The Sport of the Seventies

  1. Cisneros v. Corpus Christi Independent School District
  2. United States v. Texas Education Agency (Austin I)
  3. Austin II
  4. Austin III
  5. Austin IV

Chapter Seven: Endgame

Coda: “Marshall v. Thomas”

  1. Justice Marshall’s Dissent in Dowell
  2. Justice Thomas’ Concurrence in Missouri v. Jenkins