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Table of Contents of Age of the Caliphs: A History of the Muslim World

Translator’s preface

I. Muḥammad

II. The “Rightly Guided” Caliphs

III. The Umayyads

IV. The ‘Abbāsids

V. Spain

Dynastic tables


  1. The Spread of Islam in the Seventh and Eighth Centuries
  2. The Near East ca. 1020, Showing Agriculture, Stock Raising and Mineral Production
  3. Europe and the Near East ca. 1100 (after the First Crusade)
  4. Islam in Spain, from 711 to 1492